Over the last few days, I have noticed that many people have been directed here with the search words ' popes red shoes' or 'popes shoes' or 'red shoes of the pope' or 'pope burial shoes' or 'why is the pope wearing brown shoes.' This made me wonder and realize that I needed to see what I could find out about red papal shoes verses the brown shoes he is buried in or rather laying in state in.
I must say there was not much I could find easily about it. What I have found here is what I have read and read and been able to piece together. If anyone really knows the full history of the ' red shoes of the pope,' please leave me a comment here. Here is what I have found. It dates back to the 17th and 18th centuries when shoes were much more elaborate than what they are today.
Back in the 17th century as
Womens dress consisted of a bodice, a petticoat and a gown. Costly lace collars were popular and the bodice was sometimes extravagantly décolleté. High-heeled footwear made of expensive silks expressed the idle lifestyles and accumulated
wealth of the "well-heeled."
This was very visible in shoes. Both men and women wore elaborate shoes. Red was a big color for shoes for men. For example:
During the 18th century, red, silk faille shoes were all the rage. And I mean red!
Shoes of this style were worn throughout Europe and were imported to the American colonies from
The style is simple, but what color! The shoes are fashioned from heavenly rose silk faille and are lined with ivory kid. Matching silk ribbon is used to bind the edges and cover the seams. The straight soles are leather. The latchets have marks that indicate where the buckles were attached.
18th century fashion was strongly influenced by the
Shaped high heels were worn by men and women of the upper classes. Materials for shoes and dresses were rich and splendid and included brocades, embroidered silks and painted leathers. Large showy buckles had become the feature of the shoes.
After the French Revolution in 1792, shoe styles changed dramatically. Heels shrank and even disappeared, suggesting everyone was born on the same level. Expensive silks were largely replaced by more affordable and better-wearing leathers.
Now it is my thought that the high officials of the church also wore elaborate shoes as well. The wealth of the church was visible in the elaborate robes the pope and other church officials wore.
The wealth of the church is symbolized by items such as an 1871 papal tiara of Pope Pius IX, designed by Jean Baptiste Bethune and made from gold, gilt silver, enamel and precious stones. Gothically inspired, this three-tiered headpiece has numerous crosses of colorful jewels encircling each level and is topped with another cross. As evidenced by a pair of 20th-century papal slippers worn by Pope Paul VI, made of red satin, silk, gold thread and leather, the popes through the centuries have been beautifully outfitted, literally from head to toe.
There was an art exhibit being show some time ago called Saint Peter and The
A blockbuster in terms of size and quality of objects, this exhibition boasts an embarrassment of riches. An upstairs gallery in the dramatically reconfigured museum space houses a number of the embroidered robes and miters worn by various popes over the centuries. Attendant religious paraphernalia includes an 1887 monstrance, or receptacle for the consecrated wafer, used by Pope Leo XIII. Made by Istvan Fulop Wink of
from silver and enamel, this is a towering work of gothic spires. Its devotional imagery, including a tiny statue of the Virgin Mary carrying the baby Jesus, reflects Christianity in Budapest since the 11th century. Hungary
Most of the show's more than 350 pieces had never before been shown to the public. The treasures include papal tiaras tall as wedding cakes, marble statues, crosses, frescoes, chalices, illuminated manuscripts, drawings by Michelangelo and papal clothing. Also on view are drawings and architectural models of Saint Peter'sBasilica, a replica of the monument that marks this first pope's burial site and rare religious relics, such as the finger of Pope Pius V from the 16th century.
From the exhibit, here are the Papal Shoes of Bessed John XXIII.
The Pope's Burial Procedures
Part of the traditional rituals that take place when a pope dies is to dress him in red shoes.
Vatican officials officially notify heads of state around the world of the pope's death and summon the College of Cardinals to
The pope's confessors dress him in his funeral garments: a white cassock, a scarlet chasuble (a long, sleeveless liturgical vestment) and red silk shoes, and then take the first watch at vigil.
The pope then lies in state for three days, first in the Clementine Hall of the Apostolic Palace, and then is taken in solemn procession to St. Peter's Basilica, where the faithful file past his body as Vatican guards urge them on with cries of "Avanti! "
Traditionally, the funeral takes place on the fourth day after a pope's death.
John Paul II does not have on red shoes. He is wearing brown shoes. One news article I read said that he normally wore brown shoes everyday. Maybe that is what he decided he would like to be buried in, instead of the red papal shoes. A news story I heard today said that he had purposely decided to give up the red papal shoes for the brown ones and that is why he always wore then...because he came from humble beginnings and the brown shoes were more in keeping with that. The shoes he has on now were actually a christmas gift from a close friend of his and they are a size 44 in Europoean sizes. He is an american 10.5 in mens shoes.
The pope, his face serene, is dressed in red and white vestments and a white mitre. He is laid out on a raised velvet-draped dais flanked by two Swiss Guards in the Clementine Room on the third floor of the
. Apostolic Palace
A crucifix, crooked in an elbow, flanks his body to the left. His head, propped on velvet pillows, leans slightly to the right. On his feet are brown leather shoes.
Why the change? Well after searching and searching, I found the following document with changes and updates to the robes worn by all. Red shoes are mentioned and are actually discouraged. Maybe John Paul II was following these new updates for wardrobe when it comes to shoes. Look at #10 under Cardinals. It specifically address the wearing of red shoes. Info below found at The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church.
INSTRUCTION ON THE DRESS, TITLES AND COAT-OF-AMS
OF CARDINALS, BISHOPS AND LESSER PRELATES
In the diligent exercise of His vigilance over all the Church, and the observance of the, indications and spirit of the Church, and the observance of the indications and spirit of the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, His Holiness Pope Paul VI has not failed to dedicate His attention also to certain exterior forms of ecclesiastical life, with the intention of bringing them into closer correspondence with the changing circumstances of the times, and of making them now accord better with the higher spiritual values which they should express and promote.
This is well known to be a subject to which the modern mentality is particularly sensitive, one that demands the avoidance of possible extremes in one direction or the other, and an ability to bring correctness and decorum into harmony with simplicity, practicality, and the spirit of humility and poverty, which must always and preeminently shine forth in those who, by their investiture in ecclesiastical offices, have some special responsibility in the service of the People of God.
It is on the basis of such criteria that, in the course of the last two years, the Holy Father has given directions for the publication of certain rules on the dress and other prerogatives of Cardinals (Reference No. 3711 of the Sacred Congregation for Ceremonial, dated June 6, 1967), of a Motu Proprio on the Reorganisation of the Pontifical Household ("Pontificalis Domus" of March 28, 1968) , and of another Motu Proprio, complemented by an Instruction of the Sacred Congregation of Rites, on the use of pontifical insignia ("Pontificalia Insignia" of June 21, 1968; Instruction of the same date, Reference No. R. 32/968).
Wishing now to renew further and on a broader scale the discipline on dress, titles and coats-of-arms of Cardinals, Bishops and lesser Prelates, His Holiness charged a special Commission of Cardinals and His Secretariat of State to study the matter with care, taking account, at the same time and in just measure, of tradition, modern needs, and the deeper values implicit in certain forms of living, exterior and contingent though they be.
The fruit of that labour is the present Instruction, which the Holy Father deigned to approve in the Audience granted to the undersigned Cardinal Secretary of State on the twenty-eighth day of March, 1969, disposing likewise that it should come into force on the thirteenth day of April, Low Sunday, 1969.
For the Cardinals
1. The following continue in use: the cassock of red wool or similar material with trimmings, lining, buttons and thread of red silk, and the mozzetta of the same material but without the small hood.
The mantelletta is abolished.
2. The use is also continued of the black cassock with trimmings, lining, buttonholes and buttons of red silk, but without the upper half-sleeves.
The elbow-length cape, trimmed in the same manner as this cassock, may be worn over it.
3. With both the red cassock and the red-trimmed black cassock there is worn the sash of red watered-silk ribbon, with silk fringes at the two ends.
The sash with tassels is abolished.
4. When the red cassock is worn, red hose are also worn. With the red-trimmed black cassock the wearing of red hose is optional.
5. The dress for ordinary use may be the black cassock without red trim. With this black cassock, red hose are not worn. The red "collare" (rabat or rabbi) and the red watered-silk skullcap may be worn, even with the black cassock without red trim.
6. The red watered-silk biretta is to be worn only with choral dress, and not as common headdress.
7. The use of the red watered-silk cloak ("ferraiuolo") is no longer obligatory for Papal Audiences and ceremonies held in the presence of the Holy Father. Its use is optional in other cases also, but should always be restricted to circumstances of special solemnity.
8. The red cloak ("tabarro") is abolished. In its place a decorous black cloak, even with cape, can be used.
9. The red cardinalitial hat ("galero") and the red plush hat are abolished. The black plush hat is retained. When appropriate, it can be adorned with the red and gold cord and tassels.
10. The use of red shoes and of buckles, even the silver buckles on black shoes, is suppressed.
11. The rochet of linen, or similar material, is retained. The surplice or cotta is never worn over the rochet.
12. The cappa magna, always without ermine, is no longer obligatory; it can be used only outside of
13. The use of the cord end of the chain for the pectoral cross is retained. The cord must be used only when the red cassock or sacred vestments are worn.
For the Bishops
14. By analogy with what has been allowed for Cardinals, the purple cassock, the mozzetta without the small hood, and the black cassock with red trim are retained.
The mozzetta can be worn anywhere, even by Titular Bishops. The mantelletta is abolished.
The red-trimmed black cassock is no longer obligatory as ordinary dress. The red-trimmed cape may be worn over it.
15. With regard to the sash, hose, ordinary dress collare (rabat), skull-cap, biretta, "ferraiuolo", cloak ("tabarto"), buckles, rochet, the rules laid down in Nos. 3-8 and 10-13 above are to be followed.
16. The use of the black plush hat with green cord and tassels, the same for all Bishops, both residential and titular, is retained.
17. Bishops named from Religious Orders and Congregations will use the purple cassock, and the cassocks with red trim and without red trim, in all respects the same as other Bishops.
For lesser prelates:
18. For the Superior Prelates of the Offices of the Roman Curia who have not episcopal rank: for the Auditors of the Rota; for the Promotor General of Justice and the Defender of the Bond of the Apostolic Signatura, for the Apostolic Protonotaries "de numero" and the four Clerics of the Camera, the purple cassock, the purple mantelletta, the rochet, the red-trimmed black cassock without cape, the purple sash with fringes of silk at the two ends, the purple "ferraiuolo" (non-obligatory), and the red tuft on the biretta are all retained.
The sash with tassels, coloured hose and shoe-buckles are abolished.
19. For the Apostolic Protonotaries Supernumerary and for the Prelates of Honour of His Holiness, the purple mantellella, the sash with tassels, coloured hose, shoe-buckles and the red tuft on the biretta are all abolished.
But there are retained the purple cassock, the red-trimmed black cassock without cape, and the sash with fringes. When appropriate, the unpleated surplice (cotta) can be worn over the purple cassock, instead of the rochet.
The purple "ferraiuolo", although not obligatory, is retained for the Supernumerary Apostolic Protonotaries, but not for the Prelates of Honour.
20. For the Chaplains of His Holiness the purple-trimmed. black cassock with purple sash is retained, to be used also in sacred ceremonies.
The purple cassock, the "mantellone" of the same colour, the sash with tassels and the buckles on shoes are abolished.
Part Two: Titles and Coats-of-arms
21. The so-called titles of kinship used by the Supreme Pontiff with reference to Cardinals, Bishops and other ecclesiastics will be, respectively, only the following:
"Our Venerable Brother"
22. There may still be used, for Cardinals and Bishops respectively, the titles "Eminence" and "Excellency", which may also be qualified by the adjectival phrase "Most Reverend".
23. In addressing a Cardinal or a Bishop there may be used respectively the simple titles "Lord Cardinal" and "Monsignor".
24. The title "Monsignor" used in addressing Bishops may be accompanied by the adjectival phrase "Most Reverend".
25. For the Prelates enumerated in No. 18, the title of "Monsignor" may be accompanied by the adjectival phrase "Most Reverend".
For the Dean of the Sacred Roman Rota and the Secretary of the Apostolic Signatura, there may also be used the title "Excellency", without the addition of "Most Reverend".
26. For Supernumerary Apostolic Protonotaries, Prelates of Honour and Chaplains of His Holiness there may be used the title "' Monsignor", preceded, where appropriate, by "Reverend".
27. In formal written address, the expressions "kissing the Sacred Purple", "kissing the Sacred Ring" may be omitted.
28. The use of coats-of-arms by Cardinals and Bishops is permitted. The shield of the coat-of-arms must be simple and clear.
The use of the crozier and mitre in the coat-of-arms is suppressed.
29. Cardinals may place their coats-of-arms on the exterior of the churches of their Title or Diaconate.
From these churches the portrait of the titular Cardinal shall be removed. In the interior, near the main door, the name of the titular Cardinal may be placed in a suitable frame which will harmonise with the style of the sacred building.
30. With regard to the dress and titles of Cardinals and Patriarchs of the Oriental Rite, the traditional usages of those Rites shall be followed.
31. Patriarchs of the Latin Rite who are not Cardinals will dress like other Bishops.
32. Pontifical Representatives, whether Bishops or not, will follow the rules laid down above for Bishops.
Nevertheless, in the area of their jurisdiction, they may use the sash, zucchetto, biretta and "ferraiuolo" of watered silk.
They will be accorded the title of "Venerable Brother ", as mentioned in No. 21, only if they are Bishops.
33. Those Prelates and Abbots "Nullius", Apostolic Administrators, Vicars and Prefects Apostolic, who are not Bishops, may dress like Bishops.
34. In the matter of titles, Episcopal Conferences may lay down suitable rules which take into account local usages, while at the same time following the dispositions and criteria contained in the present Instruction.
35. Concerning the dress and titles of canons, holders of benefices and parish priests, suitable norms will be issued by the Sacred Congregation for the Clergy, following the criteria of simplification contained in the present document.
Well, that is it...all that I could piece together about the pope's red burial shoes.
What I do is kick them in the pants with a diamond buckled shoe!